In regions Nigeria and Africa and in groups Nigeria and Africa


Working Groups

2022-09 Factsheet - Nigeria

< Jun 2022
September 2022
Dec 2022 >
Mohammed Maina/Intersos, 2022


  • From July to September, 2,012,660 people in Northeast Nigeria continues to dwell in camps and camp-like settings (DTM Round 41) with movements (arrivals and departures) continued to be tracked and reported on a weekly basis by the emergency tracking tool.
  • During the period under review, 90,933 people both in camps and host communities have been immensely affected by the heavy downpour and flooding.
  • One hundred and forty-two thousand, seven hundred and five (142,705) people (IDPs, Returnees, Refugees and host community members) were reached by the shelter Sector programmes in the review period through 8 humanitarian partners.
  • An estimation of 8.01 million has been received by shelter sector partners which is approximately 14% of the total financial ask of the year 2022 Nigerian Humanitarian Response Plan.



Need analysis

  • Nigeria is experiencing the worst flooding the country has seen in a decade. More than 3.2 million people have been affected according to the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA).  The seasonal flooding has affected a great number of communities in Borno, Adamawa, and Yobe states of Northeast Nigeria. With more than 90,322 persons affected. Limited funding, access, and insecurity in some areas delayed response.
  • Movements (Arrivals and Departures), Camp Closures, and Returnees in the Northeast have further exacerbated congestion, displacement, and inter/intra-camp movement. Hence, the sector through its partners has scaled up plans, actions, and contingencies to ensure the integration of life-saving assistance is provided in areas of need. Some of the urgent actions taken are like the installation of Reception centers in areas with a high influx, with Dikwa LGA in Borno state as the latest implementation kick-starting during the period under review.
  • The Sector and the HLP working group continue to tirelessly put efforts in ensuring the validation of the due diligence prepared. While also, ensuring that sectors members' capacity are built through a workshop supported by the Global Shelter Cluster on HLP.
  • The Sector conducted a Joint Technical Assessment Mission to Pulka on 22 July 2022 through the shelter monitoring committee of the technical working group (TWG) to assess the damage caused by a heavy downpour on 17 July 2022 to Mudbrick shelters latrines and showers following several concerns and reports raised by the CCCM partners to the Sector on the safety and habitability of the Mudbrick shelters provided. The committee was saddled with the responsibility to assess the level of damage and draw from lessons learned and possible recommendations for a way forward.


  • In the months of July to September 2022, the sector partners provided 4,684 emergency shelter solutions to 23,420 people, with 11,985 people benefiting from transitional shelter solutions and 74,955 people having been supported with 14,991 life-saving non-food items representing 13 percent of the sector response reached in the Q3 of 2022.
  • In the Q3 of 2022, the most distributed items are plastic sheets, blankets, mosquito nets, site mitigation tools, and emergency shelter loose items.
  • In areas of Borno, Adamawa, and Yobe states where there is more stability of security and markets are functioning, partners responded with cash voucher assistance (CVA) programming. During the reporting period various CVA projects have been reported to have reached out to 6,469 people in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe state.

Gaps / challenges

  • Lack of adequate and usable land plus the congestion levels in IDP settlements also add up to the factors that continue to hinder the sector and its partners to provide shelter solutions in IDP settlements and this factor cut-across other sectors such as WASH and protection. Hence, the strategizing of a more joint advocacy approach by all humanitarian partners will be more effective in curbing this challenge.
  • The limited presence of Shelter and NFI Partners in Yobe state is a concern.
  • Access, Logistics, and Funding are a huge concern for the sector and its partners in responding to meet up the piled-up gaps of shelter and NFI in BAY state. In addition, the lack of sector and partners stockpiles of items of Shelter and NFI materials has continued to cripple the sector to rapidly respond to rising emergency needs across the BAY states.