In regions Somalia and Africa and in groups Somalia and Africa


Working Groups

2024-03 Factsheet - Somalia

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© UNHCR Gaalkacyo, Somalia, 2023


According to PRMN report, a significant number of 88,864 individuals have been displaced between January and March 2024. The primary reason for displacement was due to the conflict/insecurity and flood.

The top five regions that have received the highest number of newly displaced individuals are Gedo, Bay, Galgaduud, Lower Juba and Middle Juba regions. The report highlights that the second most urgent priority need reported is shelter.



Coverage against targets

Need analysis

According to PRMN report, a total of 88,864 people were displaced between January 1st and March  31th, 2024. the primary causes of this displacement were conflict/insecurity, affecting 52,327 individuals ,followed by floods, which impacted 16,282 individuals. Other factors contributed to the displacement of 20,234 individuals.

The report highlights the top five regions that received the highest number of newly displaced individuals. These regions include Gedo, with 15,824 people; Bay, with 15,307 people; Galgaduud, with 12,140 people; Lower Juba, with 9,872 people; and Middle Juba, with 8,640 people.

Additionally, the report emphasizes that shelter needs were the second most pressing priority need after food, accounting for 33% of the reported needs.


In March 2024, the Cluster Partners have reached a total of 110,372 people through its response. Among them, 42,499 people were provided with non-food items (NFI) kits. additionally, the cluster provided 67,873 people with shelter assistance, especially plastic sheeting. Cumulatively, the cluster has reached   484,220 people between January and March 2024. 

Gaps / challenges

  • Funding is urgently required to respond to the displacement and to pre-position NFI and shelter items for potential displacements in near future.
  • Shelter cluster has been underfunded affecting humanitarian shelter response in timely and effective manner.
  • Due to overwhelming shelter needs, lack of security of tenure and severe underfunding, the shelter and NFI needs of the displaced people are largely unmet.