2022-03 Factsheet - Honduras - Hurricanes Eta and Iota
- The Shelter Cluster in Honduras has supported integrating municipal emergency coordinating bodies and national emergency response agencies with the cluster partners that provide shelter support since the aftermath of Eta and Iota hurricanes.
- Operating with scarce funding, limited room for deployment and in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic and ongoing violence, the coordination of this response has presented numerous challenges, but also opportunities to enhance localized response.
- Housing Land Property, HLP: Is key for achieving the cluster’s strategic objectives. Thus, the cluster has supported NRC in mapping existing HLP modalities in the country and established a petit committee linking up with relevant stakeholders, including national government and cooperation agencies
- In the current situation, the work in information management is crucial for the functioning of the cluster. Permanent support is provided to partners who update their implementation progress data in the 345W new Database (designed by OCHA). Digital tools are available to exchange information relating to gaps and current shelter response.
The latest needs analysis, conducted in June 2021 for the Humanitarian Needs Overview, considered Honduras' humanitarian needs in general, including those of people affected by the hurricanes Eta and Iota, as well as those whose shelter situation is highly vulnerable due internal displacement caused by violence, livelihood loss and economic reasons.
Following the JIAF methodology, 88,000 people have been identified as in need of temporary shelter and 35,000 people needing house repairs.
These needs are reflected in the HNO for 2021 and will be updated for the second half of 2022 based information currently being collected. This exercise will be done in the first half of this year.
The partners' response, as expressed in the Humanitarian Response Plan focuses on four main actions:
- NFI distribution
- Provision of temporary shelter
- House repairs
- Rental subsidies
The Shelter component of the HRP includes 7 projects which requested a total of 8 million US dollars. However, up to the first quarter of 2022 no funds have been obtained for shelter through the HRP.
Gaps / challenges
- The upcoming hurricane season will hamper current humanitarian response activities. For instance, Valle de Sula, the region most affected by hurricanes Eta and Iota, is highly prone to flooding and requires reconstruction of critical infrastructure to withstand any tropical cyclone.
- Host families still require support to prevent overcrowding.
- There is limited availability of land for relocating families who inhabited flooded areas. Moreover, several families continue living in hazardous conditions.
- Temporary shelters will most likely remain permanent, as families do not have a better alternative. Meanwhile, other families are refusing temporary solutions hoping that they will access housing subsidies from the Honduran government.
- Shelter insecurity is a contributing factor to the deterioration of livelihood conditions and slow economic reactivation.
- By the first quarter of 2022 the humanitarian response and funding have focused on aiding displaced population in the Honduran borders near Guatemala and Nicaragua. While this support is critical for vulnerable communities on the move, insufficien additional resources have been allocated to address the shelter needs of people in other regions.