In regions Myanmar and Asia and in groups Myanmar and Asia


Working Groups

2021-04 Factsheet

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April 2021
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  • The 1 February military takeover, coupled with the state of emergency and ongoing nationwide protests/demonstrations against the takeover, has resulted in additional needs, including emergency Shelter & NFIs, for conflict affected internally displaced people dwelling in camps, displacement sites and camp-like settings in Myanmar.
  • In addition to the security situation and further displacement, access constraints and underfunding continue to remain a critical challenge for the Shelter/NFI/CCCM Cluster and its partners.
  • To address needs for 2021, the cluster appealed for $36.8M for Shelter/NFI/CCCM activities under the HRP (pre-military takeover) to adequately address the needs of those affected by displacement. So far, only 2.3% of the clusters’ financial ask has been funded.




Need analysis

Central Rakhine & Chin:

  •  200,904 IDPs* across 24 camps and 158 displacement sites across central Rakhine and Chin.

Kachin & Northern Shan:

  •  104,440 IDPs* across 168 IDP locations, camps, camp-like settings, host communities/boarding schools, out of which 98,000 are targeted under the current HRP.
  • Approximately 11% of camps in non-govt.-controlled areas with limited access or no coverage.


* Due to the current situation, the number of IDPs in need might significantly be higher.



  • Shelter/NFI actors and partners in central Rakhine continue to conduct needs assessments for emergency preparedness and response, NFI stockpiling, contingency planning and continuity plans. Distributions for rainy season preparedness are ongoing.
  • In central Rakhine, distributions of emergency shelter/NFI kits are underway, with additional support specific to the rainy season needs. Technical Working Group workstreams have been set up to respond to thematic areas within the cluster, including on shelter needs, site profiling of displacement sites and capacity building trainings. 
  • Due to banking challenges in view of the current situation, shelter reconstruction and renovation funds are being redirected for emergency and temporary shelter/NFI assistance.
  • In pursuit of durable solutions, standard shelter designs for various family sizes and inclusive to persons with disabilities are underway for endorsement by shelter actors in Kachin.
  • Due to new displacements and lack of space in existing camps or temporary shelters, local partners are identifying new locations to host potential new arrivals in Kachin and northern Shan States.
  • Despite the current situation and access constraints, partners are collecting data for the 11th camp profiling round to cover all locations in Kachin and northern Shan States.

Gaps / challenges

  • Funding gaps remain a constant challenge in all areas.
  • Land or additional space for increasing number of IDPs, with limited space in camps continues to remain a challenge, leading to congested camps and several fire breakouts, requiring additional emergency shelter/NFI support.
  • Resumption of conflict reduces the feasibility for the search for solutions, as individuals that had returned to their places of origin are now returning back to camps for safety, security and additional assistance. 
  • Pre-existing shelter gaps remain in need of urgent response as funds are being redirected to emergency shelter/NFI support.
  • Price of construction materials has increased in both, central Rakhine and Kachin.