In regions South Sudan and Africa and in groups South Sudan and Africa

South Sudan


2021-10 Factsheet

< Jun 2021
October 2021
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Submerged tukuls in Kongor, Twic East County. ©NRC 2021


  • Flooding and sub-national violence remain the main driver of the shelter and non-food items (S-NFI) needs in South Sudan.
  • An estimated 600,000 individuals affected by the sesonal flood, more than 300,000 individuals are in immediate needs of humanitarian assistance
  • New sub-national violence broke out in Tambura County in September 2021, displaced more than 80,000 individuals seeking refugee in the neighboring counties including Nagero, Ezo, Tambura, Nzara and Wau Counties
  • During the rainy most of the roads are not accesible causing delay in delivering humanitarian assistance.



Need analysis

  • Flooding and sub-national violence were the main drivers of humanitarian needs in South Sudan during this reporting period. Unusually heavy seasonal flooding has heavily impacted communities in Jonglei, Lakes, Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Unity, Upper Nile, and Warrap States. Approximately 600,000 people were displaced as their shelters were destroyed or inundated by floods, and more than 325,000 people urgently require shelter and NFI assistance in locations of displacement.
  • In Tambura region, following the onset of sub-national violence, approxmately. 80,000 people fled their homes and sought refuge in neighboring counties, namely Ezo, Nagero, Nzara and Wau counties, while others have displaced within Tambura or are unable to leave. IDPs are primarily sheltering with host communities and are in urgent need of support to build temporary shelters and the NFIs to replace household goods left behind when they fled.
  • To address escalating needs, the South Sudan Humanitarian Fund (SSHF) released a reserve allocation amounting to $20 million to serve flood- and violence-affected populations. Out of this reserve allocation, the S-NFI cluster secured a total of $3.3 million, $1.9 million for response in Tambura and $1.4 million to assist the most vulnerable flood-affected individuals.


  • From July to September, cluster partners assisted 154,272 individuals of which 110,992 individuals were assisted with shelter and 138,446 individuals assisted with NFIs. As of September 2021, the Cluster has responded to the needs of 811,829 most vulnerable individuals with emergency SNFI assistance, reaching 75% of the 2021 HRP target.
  • In areas where the security was more stable and markets were functioning, partners responded with cash/voucher assistance (CVA) programming. During the reporting period, 10 CVA projects have been completed reaching 7,126 individuals in Wau, Kajo-Keji, Rubkona, Fashoda, Malakal, Panyikang, Baliet, and Twic East Counties. 
  • During  Q3 2021, a total of 431 metric tons of humanitarian aid has been released from the core pipeline for immediate distribution. The most released items are: plastic sheets (19,730), Blankets (19,883), mosquito nets (34,234), and rubber rope (17,413).

Gaps / challenges

  • Limited financial, logistical and human resources in relation to the high needs compounded by insecurity and difficult operating environment in South Sudan continue to impede humanitarian assistance to affected populations .
  • Heavy rains across the country limited road access, causing delays in the delivery of supplies and meeting the needs of affected populations.