2023-03 Factsheet - South Sudan
- In 2022, the Shelter & NFI (SNFI) Cluster identified 2.1 million people in South Sudan require emergency shelter and non-food items (NFI). Of this group, the cluster is targeting 1.4 million of the most vulnerable households to receive SNFI assistance, through in-kind distribution, cash/voucher assistance (CVA), and/or integrated settlement programming.
- 235,185 people assisted in the first quarter of 2022;
- Recent violence in Leer County affected more than 18,000 households;
Over 8.9 million people (including 4.6 million children) are estimated to need some form of humanitarian assistance and protection in South Sudan in 2022 (HRP 2022). In the IPC report issued on 9th April 2022, it was reported that between February to March 2022, 6.83 million people were facing crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity, of which 2.37 million people are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity. An estimated 55,000 people are classified in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) acute food insecurity South Sudan. It is estimated that 7.74 million people may face crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity, with 87,000 people likely to be in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5)
According to Round 12 of IOM DTM’s monitoring of displacement and return movement, 2,229,657 people remain displaced in South Sudan, taking shelter across 174 displacement sites and 3,480 locations with Host Communities. In a number of displacement sites and collective centers, including current and former PoCs, more than 440,000 individuals continue to live in situations of protracted displacement.
Displacement figures have continued to increase despite the signing of the R-ARCSS in 2018 due to an increase of displacement-inducing incidents such as sub-national conflict and unprecedented climate-related disasters. Of great concern, sub-national conflict, cattle raiding and the unprecedent scale of natural disasters have displaced 973,100 people in 2021 and over 300,000 in 2022 so far.
The displaced communities are in dire need of urgent humanitarian support, with most, if not all – of their emergency coping mechanisms exhausted due to repeated shocks. The need for appropriate monitoring and coordination of humanitarian service provision and protection will remain a critical enabler in aid delivery. Moreover, the need for flexible mobile responses to respond to these displacements remains critical – with a priority given to sustainability, protection, ownership, self-governance and more importantly – the preservation of dignity and the reducing of suffering
However, from 17th to 18th February 2022, an IRNA was conducted to confirm the reported needs of the conflict affected population. Later, from 6th to 18th March 2022, IOM WASH and Protection have conducted a rapid assessment to identify the existing services and gaps (WASH, Protection, Health, Nutrition…).
In the first half of 2022, IOM DTM conducted multiple assessments in across South Sudan; tracking the displacement of 156,605 across 41 different payams noting severe need of NFIs, health, WASH and protection support. The 52% of the population were residing in displacement sites and collective centers, indicating dire need for CCCM support in engaging the communities.
- During the first quarter of 2022, cluster partners assisted 235,185 individuals. Of this, 17,639 individuals assisted with shelter, 41,157 individuasl assisted with NFI, and 176,389 individuals assisted with the flood kits which contain two plastic sheets, two mosquito nets, and two blankets. This representing 16 per cent of Humanitarian Response Plan target in 2022.
- In areas where the security was more stable and markets were functioning, partners commenced CVA programming targeting a small number of populations. During the reporting period, one CVA project completed reaching 2,500 individuals. The SNFI cluster is planning to expand further on CVA programming in South Sudan in 2022.
- During the reporting period, the core pipeline released and transported 911 MT of stocks from its warehouses for distribution by the partners to meet the needs of the affected populations.
Gaps / challenges
- In response to the demands of flood response, the SNFI Cluster has created a minimum response ‘flood kit’ consisting of 2 plastic sheets, 2 mosquito nets, 2 bundles of rubber ropes, and 1 blanket.
- Limited financial, logistical and human resources relatives to the high needs and difficult operating environment in South Sudan continue to limit the amount of assistance provided.