In regions Americas and Venezuela and in group Americas


2023-03 Factsheet - Venezuela

< Feb 2023
March 2023
Apr 2023 >
Cluster Alojamiento, Energía y Enseres, 2022


  • The Shelter, Energy and NFI Cluster reached 7,567 direct beneficiaries through partner organizations and 36,599 indirect beneficiaries through interventions in institutions and community spaces providing essential services to population, such as temporary shelters, education, health and community centers.
  • The Cluster conducted a performance evaluation of the CCPM based on 24 responses from partner organizations. A comparison of results from 2020 was presented, showing a strengthening of the core functions with evaluations greater than 80% (strong).  To enhance cluster coordination and deliver positive outcomes for the communities served, an Action Plan was developed to identify specific and effective strategies for addressing obstacles, limitations, and enhancing best practices.
  • Project proposals for HRP in 2023 were strategically and technically reviewed by the Cluster and the ICG.  38 project proposals from 31 organizations were approved for the Shelter, Energy and NFI sector with a financial requirement of 54US$ million.  An internal document for the HRP 2023 was released in March with the relevant updates incorporating constructions, rehabilitations, renewable energy and photovoltaic systems, as well as response for displaced people affected by sudden-onset disasters.
  • A meeting was held with the donors’ focal point for the Shelter Cluster in Venezuela, leading to a broader meeting with the donor’s group.  The critical problems, response needs, response highlights in 2022 and main areas for collaboration were presented, and commitments were stablished to bring information to the donor group in Venezuela and technically support the development of specific projects from the cluster.
  • According to reports, human trafficking of migrants has had a significant impact on young women and girls who lack access to safe and dignified temporary shelter in border states such as Apure, Táchira, Zulia, Delta Amacuro, and Sucre. To address this issue, the Cluster played an active role in the development of the Shelter Guidelines for Victims of Human Trafficking in collaboration with the Protection Cluster and its Human Trafficking TWG, which is led by the VGB AoR.



Need analysis

  • The Humanitarian Needs Overview were updated, and an internal document was shared with the humanitarian community during February with the context evolution in 2022, impacts in the population and the provision of basic services and the severity of needs in different population groups.  There were specific shelter needs identified for people on the move, limitations in access to energy accentuated in rural areas and with relevant impact on access to essential services and protection risks, and impacts associated with disasters associated with natural events.
  • Reportedly, human trafficking of migrants has affected young women and girls without access to safe and dignified temporary shelter in border states such as Apure, Táchira, Zulia, Delta Amacuro, and Sucre. Together with Protection Cluster and its Human Trafficking TWG, the development of guidelines for shelter for victims of human trafficking has started.


  • By the end of March, 7,567 direct beneficiaries were reached by Shelter, Energy and NFI activities (50% female and 50% male).   Interventions in institutions and other spaces providing essential services to population reached indirectly 36,599 people of concern. The response covered 11 states and the Capital District.  States with the highest number of total beneficiaries were the Táchira, Zulia, Bolívar and Miranda, prioritized for the HRP 2022-2023.
  • Regarding Shelter Response, 4 constructions and rehabilitations of spaces providing essential services to population were completed in communities and schools in Zulia and Miranda states.  Also 15 shelter emergency units have been installed coordination authorities for disaster response and prevention in Miranda and Aragua.   3,321 people occupied temporary collective shelters in Táchira, Apure, Zulia, Sucre and Falcón.
  • As for interventions to improve access to Energy, 100 street solar lamps were installed to prevent protection risks in Zulia and Tachira states, 97 systems to generate electricity were installed education centers and coordination authorities for the disaster response, and 108 portable solar lamps were installed and delivered to beneficiaries in communities and coordination authorities. 
  • Regarding access to basic NFIs, 64 habitat kits were delivered for vulnerable people in communities in Apure, Miranda, Barinas, Carabobo, and Táchira.  23 spaces including coordination authorities, education centers, community spaces, health centers and temporary shelters.

Gaps / challenges

  • A wider collaboration with national authorities managing temporary shelters is required to strengthen the support to those spaces.  This is an important component to be strengthened to assist people affected by disasters associated with natural causes, as well as to support people affected by significant protection risks.
  • Coordination and liaison with disaster risk management authorities at the national level continues to be a priority, with immediate assistance needed for people who have lost their homes and NFIs, access to temporary shelter for affected populations, support for integrating humanitarian actors in contingency plans, and capacity-building activities for official government institutions working in disaster prevention. The Cluster participated in the first meeting of the intersectoral WG of disaster response and management as a support member, highlighting the importance of disaster response and management in their work.