In regions Syria and MENA and in groups Syria and Whole of Syria

Syria Hub


2022-06 Factsheet - Syria Hub

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Left: Core NFI kit and winterization distribution in Rural Hama, credit: UNHCR. Right: Rehabilitation of damaged or unfinished housing in Dar’a Camp, credit: UNRWA.




  • HPC 2022: The shelter sector supported the WoS SNFI sectors to draft and finalise the humanitarian needs overview (HNO) and humanitarian response plan (HRP) for SNFI for 2022. The sector also consulted key partners to revise the sector logframe to reflect the 2022 response.
  • Household Survey: The shelter sector re-submitted a request to relevant authorities to permit the undertaking of HH level shelter and NFI needs assessment across GoS controlled areas. The sector will follow up with authorities on this request in 2022.
  • Dar’a Al Balad Damage Assessment: Following the shelter sector facilitated Dar’a Al Balad (DAB) damage assessment and release of associated findings, , the sector undertook advocacy efforts, through bilateral donor engagements, to secure funds for a DAB response.

Noon-food Items

  • 2021 HNO: 13.4 million people are estimated to be in need of humanitarian assistance with 2.6 million people in need of NFI support, an 8.5% increase from 2020.



Need analysis


  • HPC 2022-2023: Post sharing of the full HRP by OCHA with MoFAE in April, the Shelter Sector met and discussed with MoLAE the recommended activities and obtained endorsement of the new activities pertaining to fire mitigation and household level solar energy installation.
  • Participatory Self-Evaluation: The Shelter Sector completed a participatory self-evaluation of the impact, effectiveness, and constraints of the 2021 shelter response. The final report including recommendations will be issued in July.
  • Field Visit: The Shelter Sector undertook a 4-day mission to North-East Syria, during which the team visited Al-Hol, Al-Roj, and Newroz camps.
  • Shelter Sector Retreat: The Shelter Sector facilitated a 3-day Syria HCT area shelter sector retreat with sub-national coordinators and UNHCR focal points.

Noon-food items

  • Cash Based Intervention (CBI) workshop: In coordination with MoSAL, UNHCR facilitated a two-day workshop in May, as part of the pilot initiative for CBI in Tartous, Lattakia and Aleppo. Technical discussions on the implementation of the pilot remain ongoing.
  • NFI Sector Retreat: The NFI Sector facilitated a 2-day Syria HCT area NFI sector retreat with sub-national coordinators and UNHCR focal points.
  • Cash and Market Champion Support: The sector was awarded a ‘Cash and Market Champion Support’ by Global Shelter Cluster (GSC) in April. Extensive deliberations have taken place between the sector, GSC consultants and key units of UNHCR to frame the scope of engagement and expected outcomes from the support.



  • HH Solar Energy: A TWiG of 2 UN agencies, 4 INGOs, and 1 NNGO was formed and held two meetings to discuss this new activity. Draft technical guidelines were produced and shared with all sector partners. The main debatable topics were the selection criteria and minimum system’s capacity. Shelter partners are encouraged to include this activity in their response.
  • Update Unit Rate: Noting the significant increase in market prices, due to fluctuation in exchange rate, increased shipment prices, and increased fuel prices, the shelter sector worked key partners to update the agreed unit price for (most notably) the rehabilitation of damaged buildings.

Noon-food items

  • NFI Sector Strategy: NFI sector strategy was revised considering the evolving needs and persistent challenges being faced by the partners. The strategy was further discussed with the sector partners during the last NFI sector meeting.
  • Winter Update: The winter response for 2022-23 is projected to realise a severe funding shortage. The NFI sector is currently holding winter planning workshops to; a) ensure lessons learned are captured from winter 21/ 22, b) agree on winter planning figures, c) apply the sector concept of pre-winter reach, d) move toward capturing agency specific winter targets.

Gaps / challenges


  • Significant economic decline coupled with price fluctuation has resulted in a decreasing scope and/or target of shelter projects.
  • Diminishing coping capacities of both IDPs and host communities as well as limited financial resources of government and sector partners are leading to an increase in shelter needs.
  • COVID-19 related restrictions and emerging need to provide higher standards for spaces and WASH facilities increase the cost and duration for shelter projects.
  • Lengthy processes continue for obtaining official approval for shelter projects and associated beneficiary lists.
  • Opportunities for systematic field-based data collection remain limited due to access restrictions, resulting in incomplete needs analysis in some areas.

Noon-food items

  • Lack of availability of mattresses is leading to delays in distribution of core NFIs to vulnerable populations.
  • The departure of two primary NFI sector members from gift-in-kind (GIK) interventions has resulted in considerable gap in meeting critical winter clothing needs, especially for children in camp like settings.
  • The inflation rate continues to pose challenges to partners particularly in procuring items.
  • Based on Post Distribution Monitoring, beneficiaries have reported concerns over the quality of items and delayed distribution of seasonal items.
  • Access and safety continue to be challenges in some parts of the country as well as partner capacity and funding.
  • Based on preliminary discussions, the sector is likely to face a significant funding shortage for Winter 2022/23.