In regions Nigeria and Africa and in groups Nigeria and Africa


Working Groups

2022-12 Factsheet - Nigeria

< Sep 2022
December 2022
Mar 2023 >
Ibrahim Mark Mshelia/IUNHCR, 2022


• During this reporting period covering October to December 2022, 9,700 HH for 48,155 individuals were reached for shelter support and 5,000 HH for 25,000 individuals were reached with NFI support through 10 sector partners. With the overall number of people reached standing at 298,120 individuals, makes the percentage of reach stands at 18% across the BAY states.

• Further, 90,933 individuals in the camps, camp-like settings, and host communities continued to suffer exacerbated by the effects of climate change such as flooding, and fire.

• 3,771 new arrivals from inaccessible areas were reported to be living in deplorable conditions (IOM, ETT) with a lack of access to shelter and NFIs with the Monguno reception center being the most affected whilst others have been forced to seek refuge in the overcrowded camps which are seriously congested and host communities with relatives, associated with lack of essential services like provisions of dignity kits for the women and girls at the reproductive age.

• In its efforts to support improving the site planning and site layout so as to improve the living standard of the affected population and mitigate the effects of fire and flooding, and their associated protection risks, some partners were able to negotiate for and acquire land from the host community landowners and the Sector supported in the development of improved site layout plans and assisted in the supervision during the implementation/construction of the shelter basing on the improved site layouts. Good examples are Gwazari and Fariya camps in MMC.

An estimated 35.3 million has been received by shelter sector partners representing approximately 59.6% of the total financial ask of the year 2022 Nigerian Humanitarian Response Plan.



Need analysis

  • Despite the continuous efforts by the sector in collaboration with all relevant stakeholders, in responding to the various shelter and NFI needs of IDPS, IDP returnees/host communities, and in improving coordination among stakeholders to optimize the already constrained resources to have a reasonable and impactful response. The number of households requiring shelter and NFI assistance is 392,296. This is because of the deterioration of shelter conditions (inadequate, damaged, and or unfinished shelters), compounded by the scale of displacements, protracted displacement, natural disaster, returns movement, and limited shelter responses across BAY states. These conditions will increase protection and health risk particularly combined with overcrowding.
  • NFI continues to be essential and lifesaving particularly for newly displaced forced flee as basic items are unaffordable. 432,249 HH are in need of assistance as it becomes important for them to ensure the affected households can live in safety and dignity.
  • To ensure coordinated needs identification and response for the vulnerable population in need of shelter and NFI support, the sector in collaboration with NEMA/SEMA and the sector partners continued to conduct monthly sector meetings to discuss various issues pertaining to updates from sector partners on their respective areas of interventions (need assessments), challenges encountered, proposed solutions and good practices.
  • To ensure wider needs are accommodated for responses from the design stage, various shelter and NFI sector partners submitted their project proposals for the HRP/HNO, later the Sector team will review the proposals and guide the partners to ensure that important aspects are well captured hence leading to environmentally friendly and well-coordinated interventions/responses.
  • The need for secure tenure of land persisted and continued to affect not only the affected populations but also some of the shelter projects implemented by the partners, for instance, the project of construction of 100 shelters (durable solution under IOM) at Kaleri, was still at halt by 31st December 2022 simply because the portion of land that was provided by the commissioner to the partner was later invaded by some private individuals who claimed that they own that land. The discussions are in progress at the government level and IOM to guide the resolution of either continuing with the project on the same land or a different one


  • Maintenance of the shelters in various locations. A number of shelter repairs were conducted in various locations across BAY states reaching 1,063 households with shelter repair kits, bringing the overall number of households supported with shelter repair kits distributed to 3,038.
  • As an initiative to tackle congestion challenges, IOM moved more than 50 HH from the camps to the host community for the people living in the camps but own land or damaged shelters in the host community.
  • Construction of shelters. Around 100 Bama-type shelters were constructed following the improvement of the site layouts in Gwazari and Fariya camps (following the sector partner’s achievement of acquiring land in these locations) hence reducing the likelihood of fire outbreak incidents. Further, the construction of around 200 durable shelters construction projects in Labondo under UNHCR and the construction of mud bricks shelters under IOM in Adamawa state were in adequate progress, hence giving good prospects in reducing the existing shelter gaps.
  • A total number of 21,780 individuals were supplied with the NFI kits to meet the protracted needs of these items most of them have either depleted or were damaged by various agents including fire.
  • Mercy Corps was working on research regarding mobile shelters to enhance quick shelter response. Various prototypes were produced, and the study was in progress as of 31st Dec 2022.

In general, during this reporting period, the sector has reached 25,000 individuals with NFI kits, and 48,500 individuals with shelter solutions equivalent to 18% of the planned target reached.

Gaps / challenges


Inaccessibility of some areas due to security reasons continued to affect the sector’s intervention in meeting the needs of the affected population.


Limited availability of land for the provision of shelter solutions (emergency, transitional and durable shelters) as well as congestion level in IDP settlements remains the critical issue. It requires joint advocacy by all partners concerned.


Limited partners’ capacity especially due to fund constraints hinders the responses from reaching the identified wider gaps of shelter and NFI.


Persisting surge in prices of materials and commodities.


Sector and its partners (Shelter and NFI) prepositioned/stockpiled items have been exhausted, making shelter and NFI response difficult.