In regions Syria and MENA and in group Syria

Whole of Syria


2023-10 Factsheet - Whole of Syria

< Jun 2023
October 2023


  • Shelter Severity Classification [SSC]: SSC framework designed by Global Shelter Cluster was adapted to the evolving needs and context prevailing in Whole of Syria. Condition of the dwelling/ housing unit or Pillar 1 and access to common services and infrastructure or Pillar 3 together will determine people in need of shelter interventions. Adequate living conditions inside dwelling/ housing unit shall determine the people in needs of non-food items [NFIs]. The adapted framework will be employed to determine shelter and NFI needs in 2023 [and going forward].
  • Multi-Sector Needs Assessment [MSNA] 2023: As MSNA is not being undertaken in Syria hub for 2023 but only conducted in NWS and NWS hubs. The SNFI sectors developed Delphi Methodology to inform the needs for Syria hubs and will integrate the needs of NWS and NES [output of MSNA 2023] through the Shelter Severity Classification framework to inform Humanitarian Needs Overview [HNO] 2024 at Whole of Syria level.
  • Winter Planning 2023-24: It is estimated that 5.6M people across Syria will need critical lifesaving and sustaining winterisation assistance to mitigate the harsh winter conditions.
  • Donor engagement: On September 12th, the sectors participated in the annual consultation with ECHO’s Humanitarian Intervention Plan [HIP] and impressed upon the sectors critical gaps and challenges in 2023, and response strategy and recommendations for 2024.
  • Operational Peer Review [OPR]: Sector participated in the OPR of the earthquake response to facilitate in identification of action plan aimed at improving the emergency response’s operational coordination, preparedness and localisation efforts.




  • Achievements [shelter]: Shelter partners have been able to reach 0.6M people with essential Shelter interventions.
  • Achievements [core NFI]: NFI partners have been able to support a total of 1.1M people out of which 0.4M are considered reached with core NFI provision. [For the details on the difference between supported and reach classifications kindly refer to the WoS NFI Strategy 2023.]
  • Funding: At end of Q3, partners secured USD 76M and USD 59M for shelter interventions and NFI provision resulting in a funding gap of 64% and 81% respectively to the total requirement.

Gaps / challenges

  • Economic hardship: Deteriorating economic situation, fluctuation in commodity prices and severe shortage in power supply has resulted in increase in the cost of response, especially shelter rehabilitation activities.
  • Critical funding gap: Vulnerable people may adopt negative coping mechanism unless additional resources are not made available to sector partners to enable provision of critical shelter and NFI assistance.