In regions Africa and Cameroon and in group Africa



2022-12 Factsheet - Cameroon

< Jun 2022
December 2022
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Photographer: Far North Shelter WG partner Photos: Market in Mayo Sava


According to the analysis of new severity indicators a total of 1.8 million individuals are in need of adequate shelter in Cameroon as of September 2022 (MSNA, IOM, August 2022)

13 organizations submitted their projects under the Humanitarian Response Plan 2023. Overall 17 projects were submitted planning to assist a total of 776,800 individuals for a total requirement of $33 M USD in 2023


  • This is a protection crisis therefore requires protection solutions. Shelter is a physical manifestation of protection
  • Many of the protection risks are encountered at the shelter level such as intentional gender-based violence, burning of homes, and insecure tenure therefore they require a shelter solution
  • Monetization and market-based approaches as a way of promoting owner-driven approaches
  • Shelter and Housing as a right in the response
  • Tenure Security as an essential condition for durable shelter solutions
  • More capacity to deliver a more adequate shelter response





    Need analysis

    The Shelter Sector was able to analyze the severity of the situation of non-displaced, returnees, and internally displaced populations in the Far North, North-West, South-West, West and Littoral regions, based on July and August IOM and OCHA MSNA data.

    In Cameroon a total of 1,813,757 people needs adequate shelter and household items.

    Approximately 830,000 of them are in the Far North region where a surge in inter-communal violence in mid-2021 and continuous attacks at the Nigerian border contributed to an increase in displacement. Shelter needs have been further exacerbated by severe flooding in September 2022 with an exceptional destruction of infrastructures. The majority of crisis affected people are hosted by other families or are living in makeshift shelters at informal sites with no access to basic services.

    Within the North-West and South-West regions, 885,000 people need shelter and household items as violations of human rights continue with the intentional burning of homes, overcrowded shelters with host families and people living in inadequate makeshift shelters in the bush. In the neighboring regions of the Littoral and West, almost 100,000 IDPs need better shelter, as most are either struggling to afford the cost of rent or are living in inadequate shelters with host families who have limited resources.


    ​​​​​As of 31 December, in the NW-SW regions 12,839 households have received household items, 8,693  households have received shelter items and 248 households were supported with rent.

    As of 31 December, in the FN region a total of 15,012  households have been reached with household items, 13,063 households with shelter items and a total of 2,640 households were supported with shelter units’ construction or house rehabilitation. 

    Gaps / challenges


    • More funds are required for a qualitative shelter response
    • In the Far North region low availability of resources for an effective response (especially for returnees)
    • Absence of skilled laborers in localities of return
    • Collaboration between humanitarian actors and development actor
    • Lack of needs-based surveys (Far North)
    • Not predictable/continued response
    • Lack of contingency stocks
    • Alignment between central and local authorities on CBI, HLP, disaster risk reduction
    • Lack of consideration around seasonality (increase of prices due to difficult logistic)
    • Ban on items
    • Timely and sustained access
    • Prices increase of NFI and construction material