In regions Africa and Cameroon and in group Africa



2023-03 Factsheet - Cameroon

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Photographer: Shelter Cluster partner Photos: Agricultural unit in North-west region,


IOM is launching the Multi Sectoral Needs Assessment exercise at household level for the first time in Cameroon. Shelter/NFI sector has provided its standardized questionnaire in Kobo. The tool will finally allow to have a more coherent and harmonized reading of IDPs needs across different areas of crisis.


Consultations with Sector partners and donors around 2023 strategic orientations are ongoing. NRC/DRC/IRC/INTERSOS/CRS/UNHCR and BHA/SIDA/SDC/ECHO/JICA/CDCS have been consulted. According to what reported, 2.5 M USD$ have been committed for the Shelter/NFI response so far.


The Shelter sector contributed to the Minimum Expenditure Basket drafted by the Cash Working Group. The MEB sectoral transfer value will only refer to basic household items support, and rent would remain sector specific done by conditional modality.



  • This is a protection crisis therefore requires protection solutions. Shelter is a physical manifestation of protection
  • Many of the protection risks are encountered at the shelter level such as intentional gender-based violence, burning of homes, and insecure tenure therefore they require a shelter solution
  • Monetization and market-based approaches as a way of promoting owner-driven approaches
  • Shelter and Housing as a right in the response
  • Tenure Security as an essential condition for durable shelter solutions
  • More capacity to deliver a more adequate shelter response




    Need analysis

    The Shelter Sector was able to analyze the severity of the situation of non-displaced, returnees, and internally displaced populations in the Far North, North-West, South-West, West and Littoral regions, based on July and August 2022 IOM and OCHA Multi Sectoral Needs Aassessment data.

    In Cameroon a total of 1,813,757 people needs adequate shelter and household items.

    Approximately 830,000 of them are in the Far North region where a surge in inter-communal violence in mid-2021 and continuous attacks at the Nigerian border contributed to an increase in displacement. Shelter needs have been further exacerbated by severe flooding in September 2022 with an exceptional destruction of infrastructures. The majority of crisis affected people are hosted by other families or are living in makeshift shelters at informal sites with no access to basic services.

    Within the North-West and South-West regions, 885,000 people need shelter and household items as violations of human rights continue with the intentional burning of homes, overcrowded shelters with host families and people living in inadequate makeshift shelters in the bush. In the neighboring regions of the Littoral and West, almost 100,000 IDPs need better shelter, as most are either struggling to afford the cost of rent or are living in inadequate shelters with host families who have limited resources.


    As of 31 March, in the NW-SW regions 2031 households have received household items, 1748 households have received shelter items and 48 households were supported with rent.

    As of 30 of April, in the FN region a total of 828 households have received household items, 1840 households have received shelter items and a total of 460 households were supported with shelter units’ construction or house rehabilitation. 

    Gaps / challenges

    • NFI and Construction material prices are still increasing
    • Poor road infrastructure due to floods not sufficient for an effective response
    • Security issues by armed group in areas of return
    • Multisectoral evaluations (RRM/DTM) generates frustration among population as most of the time humanitarian assistance is lacking
    • Lack of a stable contingency stock
    • Lockdown days, often declared in the aftermath of emergency situations, limit the movement of humanitarian actors to immediately assess and provide relief to affected populations
    • Lack of a multisectoral contingency plan