In 2022, some 397,000 people are estimated to need shelter and NFI items. This is a 6% increase in the number compared to 2021, with the most significant increase among the returnee population.
For refugees, migrants and those seeking asylum, 20% are in need of shelter support or support with NFI in 2022. They face continued barriers in accessing the private rental market and what they can rent is often below standard. A lack of security of tenure not only exposes them to arbitrary eviction, but also rental increases and harassment.
Although there is slight increase in the overall people in need of shelter support and NFI assistance (6 %), a marked increase was noted for IDPs and migrants. Of the total remaining IDPs, 22,680 people live in sub-standard inadequate housing require technical and financial support to improve their housing conditions. In addition, some 20,000 people are considered most vulnerable as they remain living in informal sites without access to adequate services and houses.
Improving security conditions have permitted more displaced people to return to their area of origins, creating new needs over the past 12 months. Once home, 88 % live in their original homes, which increases demands for materials and services for housing repair and replacement of essential household items. Lack of assistance in the form of compensation from the Government, and the deteriorated infrastructure pose several challenges for returnees, as the former housing benefit has yet to be reinstated.
- In 2021, the Cluster supported 146,817 beneficiaries across all groups with Shelter and NFI support against a target of 110,948 IDPs, which represents 32% more than the target.
- In 2021, the Cluster supported 120,244 with NFI assistance and 1,686 were assisted with shelter support and 24,887 benefitted from improved infrastructure and public buildings.
- In 2021, the Cluster supported 63,059 IDPs, 34,068 migrants, 10,767 non-displaced (host), 31,718 refugees and 7,205 returnees.
GAPS / CHALLENGES
- The sector received 90% of its HRP request and so as result, many targets were exceeded, however partners failed to respond to the needs of returnees and host population affected by the conflict
- Forced evictions have continued in 2021 with a myriad of stakeholders creating uncertainty and confusion for those facing evictions and frustrations for the humanitarian agencies looking to respond. These forced evictions pose significant security concerns for all involved.
- The sector continues to try to identify a key counterpart in the Government to engage with on issues such as compensation, rehabilitation funds, forced evictions and to develop a consolidated overview of the housing damage remaining. The sector also continues to struggle to engage with the local civil society.