2023-06 Factsheet - Nigeria
During the second quarter of 2023, the funds received for shelter and NFI interventions stood at 56 percent translating to 44 percent financial gap for these interventions. This translates that the needs are very high compared to the resources available hence Shelter/NFI sector and its stakeholder need to optimize the available resources through various approaches including engagement of community members who are capable and able in the community-based shelter interventions.
During this reporting period, shelter and NFI needs stood at 378,845 households (HHs), equivalent to 1,894,225 individuals in IDP camps, camp-like settings, and host communities, across BAY states.
There is still a substantial number of the affected population residing in the open. During the reporting period, a total of 4,369 HH (23,156 individuals) were sleeping in the open, exposing the affected population, especially the most vulnerable spectrum of this population women, children, and persons with disabilities in the health, nutrition, food security, WASH and protection risks including sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) risks.
The need to decongest camp- and camps-like settings persisted during this reporting period. Apart from the fact that shelters and NFIs remained inadequate, most of them are worn out and needed replacement. Due to funding constraints, the presence of Shelter/NFI partners continued to be minimal with low responses in several locations leaving most of the shelter and NFI needs unattended especially the urgent ones following the fire and flood incidents. Shelters for 1,482 HH equivalent to 7,262 individuals were affected by fire and flood incidents during this reporting period.
- 499 durable shelters were constructed in several locations, including 5 returnee shelters in Kaleri, 452 shelters in Labondo, 28 shelters in Muna Ethiopia, and 14 shelters in Bulari II.
- A total of 1,411 shelter kits were distributed to the affected population based on the vulnerability screening in several locations across BAY States including Kala Balge.
- A total of 5,380 NFI kits, both standard and improved were distributed to the IDPs, returnees, and vulnerable people in the host communities.
- 1,015 emergency shelters were constructed in several camps and camp-like settings across the BAY States as a response to cover the shelter needs emerging from several triggers, including floods, fires and windstorms.
- 820 Emergency Shelter Kitwere were distributed across Mafa, Benisheikh, Pulka, Gwoza, and Dikwa as part of an effort to decongest camps in these areas, including the GSS camp in Gwoza.
- As an immediate solution to the protracted shelter needs, 100 shelters accommodating 100 HH for 500 individuals were repaired/reinforced in the camps, camp-like settings, and out-of-camp locations.
- As part of the camp decongestion effort and measures towards attaining durable shelter interventions, the sector developed ten site plans for the newly acquired lands of 100 hectares that would accommodate an estimated 25000 households in Borno and Adamawa states.
- The sector with support from IOM DTM, conducted a market assessment of Shelter and NFI material based on the minimum item standards, 168 selected key markets across nine different states in Nigeria. The assessment focused on the availability of materials and the impact of recent global dynamics on the supply chain and market access. The result of the survey will guide sector partners in their programming.
Gaps / challenges