In region Resources and in group Resources

All Under One Roof

1.0 Introduction
2.0 Mainstreaming disability inclusion in the shelter and settlements programme cycle
3.0 Design Recommendations and material support
4.0 Considerations based on mode of delivery and forms of tenure
Annex 1 Guiding Frameworks
Annex 2 Terms and definitions
Annex 3 Acronyms and abbreviations
Case study library

2.3 Resource mobilisation and capacity building

Mainstreaming disability in your programmes is not onerous, but it does require shelter actors to invest in building skills and knowledge of inclusion within their organisation and to systematically include budget for mainstreaming. Where possible, it will also be important to establish or activate partnerships with OPDs and relevant disability focused organisations, identifying support needs and responsibilities. 

A significant difference can be made before an emergency, both in terms of building networks and organisational capacity for disability inclusion in shelter and settlement situations. In the early stages of an emergency, you will benefit greatly from previous investments in preparedness and accessibility. Investing in user participation, consultation and outreach during the planning and design stages of your programme will result in a more inclusive response. 

2.3.1 Until more accurate information is available, use the estimate of 15% of the affected population has some form of disability, and consider this in appeals, response strategies and budgets.
2.3.2 Establish inclusive budgets that allocate resources to remove barriers, promote accessibility and inclusion and cover the costs of adapting shelter kits and other solutions to meet the requirements of persons with disabilities.
The Humanitarian inclusion standards for older people and people with disabilities recommend including an additional 0.5-1 per cent to your programme budget for physical accessibility measures from the design phase. For programmes focusing on distribution of essential household items, the suggested additional budgeting is 3-4 per cent.
2.3.3 Set aside funds for inclusive monitoring, documentation, and learning. Building evidence of the impact and cost-effectiveness of mainstreaming disability issues in your shelter and settlement response will make it easier to mobilise the necessary resources during the next emergency.
2.3.4 Acknowledge persons disabilities not only as recipients of assistance, but providers of assistance. Identify staff within the organisation with knowledge or personal experience of barriers facing persons with disabilities and recruit and involve persons with disabilities from different backgrounds, gender and other groups as staff at all levels. Ensure provision of reasonable accommodations to staff.
2.3.5 Include disability issues in training for volunteers and staff. Training is important both for assessment staff and technical staff working in shelter and settlement programmes.
Some key components for disability trainings in a shelter and settlement context include:
  • Awareness of discrimination, unconscious bias and protection risks facing persons with disabilities.
  • Importance of inclusive communication , acceptable language, and accessible meetings and consultations.
  • Contextualised understanding of barriers and coping mechanisms, and tools to identify them.
  • Practical tips for improving accessibility in programmes and processes.
  • Standards for accessibility and inclusion.
2.3.6 If your shelter and settlements team is engaging directly with persons with disabilities, ensure they have an understanding of inclusive communication and consider these tips for engagement:
  • Communicate directly with people and maintain respectful language;
  • Avoid making assumptions about capacities, and ‘see the person not the disability’;
  • Ask people about consultation preferences regarding where to meet, where to sit, etc;
  • Use different methods of communication when presenting both information and designs (for example one visual and one auditory).
2.3.7 Link together the focal points for disability and other crosscutting issues (e.g., gender, age, accountability to affected populations) to ensure that all sectors have a comprehensive and people-centred response.
In large-scale emergencies, a single, intersectoral disability coordination group may exist (e.g.; Age and Disability Working Group). This can be an important technical resource for shelter actors. In all scales of emergencies, disability should be integrated across the programme cycle.