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All Under One Roof

1.0 Introduction
2.0 Mainstreaming disability inclusion in the shelter and settlements programme cycle
3.0 Design Recommendations and material support
4.0 Considerations based on mode of delivery and forms of tenure
Annex 1 Guiding Frameworks
Annex 2 Terms and definitions
Annex 3 Acronyms and abbreviations
Case study library

4.2 Cash for work and contracted works

Persons with disabilities should be offered equal opportunities as other members of the community to participate in or benefit from cash for work programmes. 

In addition to income generation, cash for work programmes offer persons with disabilities an opportunity to contribute to the recovery and challenge negative community attitudes. 

4.2.1 Understand the capacities of persons with disabilities in the community, and give everyone the opportunity to participate in construction and maintenance activities
Along with implementing cash for work programmes, also consider alternatives such as unconditional cash grants that can stimulate household economy in a similar way. Another way to avoid discriminating effects could be household level targeting, ensuring that households that include both individuals who can and those who cannot work will benefit.
4.2.2 Involve persons with disabilities and other members of the community in identifying needs and priorities, and ensure representation in selection committees. Use the opportunity to draw attention to lack of shelter and settlement accessibility in the area.
4.2.3 Identify the different tasks involved, not only linked to technical construction activities. These can be varied and suited to different people, so it is important to understand the skills and capacities of individuals with disabilities. Ensure that tasks carried out are adapted to individual capacity and avoid negative health impact.
Provide adapted tools and equipment that facilitate the work for persons with physical disabilities as needed. The International Labour Organisation (ILO) has published a handbook with examples on how to adapt tools for workers with different types of disabilities.
4.2.4 Establish community labour teams where persons with different types of disability and persons without disability work together and support each other.
4.2.5 Adopt safety measures to prevent workplace accidents, or include this as a requirement for contractors. Also consider requirements for hiring local staff and persons with disabilities for contracted works, depending on the risk and complexity.
4.2.6 Make efforts to involve persons with disabilities in construction activities, both for individual shelters and community improvements. This can contribute to income generation and can also challenge negative attitudes.
4.2.7 Provide clear and adapted instructions of the work to be done.
4.2.8 Provide trained volunteers or staff to accompany persons with disabilities on site, offering technical assistance or support as necessary.
4.2.9 Ensure that persons with disabilities receive an equal amount of cash assistance for participation in cash for work programs, irrespective of their tasks.
Promoting the active involvement and recovery of persons with disabilities should be a priority, which may involve challenging community attitudes and biases. Always ensure that these activities will not carry any heightened risks to persons with disabilities.