In regions Somalia and Africa and in groups Somalia and Africa


Working Groups

2024-02 Factsheet - Somalia

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© UNHCR Gaalkacyo, Somalia, 2023


According to PRMN report, a significant number of 38,049 individuals have been displaced between January and February 2024. The primary reason for displacement was due to the severe consequences of Deyr floods, drought and conflict/insecurity.

The top five regions that have received the highest number of newly displaced individuals are Gedo, Lower Juba, Banadir, Middle Juba and Bari regions. The report highlights that the second most urgent priority need reported is shelter.



Coverage against targets

Need analysis

According to PRMN report, a total of 38,049 people were displaced from 1st January to 29th February 2024. the primary causes of this displacement were conflict/insecurity (14,876 individuals), drought (11,703 individuals), flood (9.795 individuals), and other reasons (1,675 individuals).

The report highlights the top five regions that received the highest number of newly displaced individuals. These regions include Gedo, with 10,148 individuals; lower Juba, with 6,778 individuals; Banadir, with 6,649 individuals; Middle Juba, with 5,544 individuals; and Bari, with 1,968 individuals.

Additionally, the report emphasizes that shelter needs were the second most pressing priority need after food, accounting for 38% of the reported needs.


In February 2024, the Cluster Partners have reached a total of 234,157 people through its response. Among them, 35,912 people were provided with non-food items (NFI) kits. additionally, the cluster provided 198,245 people with shelter assistance, especially plastic sheeting. Cumulatively, the cluster has reached   364,060 people between January and February 2024. 

Gaps / challenges

  • Funding is urgently required to respond to the displacement and to pre-position NFI and shelter items for potential displacements in near future.
  • Shelter cluster has been underfunded affecting humanitarian shelter response in timely and effective manner.
  • Due to overwhelming shelter needs, lack of security of tenure and severe underfunding, the shelter and NFI needs of the displaced people are largely unmet.