Objectives of Shelter Cluster Somalia
According to the 2023 HNO, about 4.9 million people are projected to be in need of shelter and NFI assistance. 57% of these are IDPs. According to the official figures, there are an estimated 2.9 million IDPs in over 4,000 sites in Somalia. The needs of different categories of IDPs, i.e. people who have been IDPs for nearly two decades and those displaced more recently, vary.
The cluster continues to provide emergency assistance to newly displaced people affected by conflict, evictions and disasters such as flood, fire, cyclone and drought. It provides a minimum Non-Food Item (NFI) kit and emergency shelter assistance through distribution of tarpaulins and/or an Emergency Shelter Kit (if necessary) for those in need. It also maintains the emergency response capacity to distribute NFI minimum packages. This ensures a timely response to sudden on-set disasters through prepositioned stocks held across Somalia. Programme design takes into account the specific needs of women and, where appropriate, women’s dignity kits are also distributed. As durable solutions are not able to be achieved for all protracted situations, there is also a need to start re-building the resilience of these communities.
The Shelter cluster strategy has three main pillars: Shelter assistance, NFI assistance, and Settlement planning (Site decongestion and community infrastructure). Accountability and Community participation and ownership are underlying themes which are embedded in all cluster activities. The Cluster also commits to considering environmental effects of assistance provided.
Where feasible, the cluster looks for opportunities to scale up transaction-based modalities in activities where their introduction can increase the timeliness and appropriateness of the response (e.g. by enabling people to address their own specific needs and priorities), and where it can support the resilience and social cohesion of communities, for example by facilitating the purchase of supplies and services in local markets.
To improve accountability, Post-Distribution Monitoring (PDM) forms an integral part of implementation and where there is an unacceptably high risk of diversion of aid, activities may be suspended. Joint needs assessments are coordinated to ensure that each regional shelter cluster produces an annual analysis of their respective IDP situation regarding shelter, NFIs and land tenure.